Background: The purpose of this work is to determine the correlation between the indexes of the special fitness test and the parameters of aerobic and anaerobic capacities of women judo competitors during the preparation to the competitive period. Material/Methods: In the research presented in the paper the level of aerobic and anaerobic capacity and the results of a special mobility fitness test of female judo contestants, either members of the Olympic and National Teams or their immediate reserves, was determined (n=11). In order to assess the aerobic capacity a test with increasing load until the refusal to continue the test was applied, while the anaerobic capacity was assessed thanks to the application of 30 seconds Wingate Test with a load on lower limbs. Within the framework of the assessment of special mobility fitness, the Special Judo Fitness Test (SFJT) was applied. Results: An analysis of correlation between the anthropometric indices and SJFT indices was carried out; besides that a correlation between the indices of aerobic and anaerobic capacity and the results of the special mobility fitness test were analyzed. Conclusions: On the basis of analysis of the empirical material it was determined that the indices of special mobility fitness test clearly correlated with the relative values of indices that characterized the aerobic and anaerobic capacity. A lower level of indices of aerobic and anaerobic capacity in comparison with results obtained by other authors was observed, while the indices diagnosing the level of special fitness of female judo contestants had a higher value.