Analysis of the adductors and abductors' maximum isometric strength on the level of speed and agility in basketball players
Introduction: his study investigated the relationship between hip abductor strength (Abd), adductor strength (Add), straight accelerations and decelerations, and during changes of direction (COD 90°) performance in basketball players.
Material and Methods: Fourteen basketball players participated (age = 23.6 ± 4.4 years, body mass = 86.3 ± 5.9 kg, body height = 192.3 ± 6.2 cm, training experience = 6.7 ± 2.6 years). Straight running results and running with a change of direction (COD 90°) have been described as the time (s) obtained for a given length. Following tests were carried out: maximum isometric strength test, 20-m linear sprint and 20-m COD sprint with 90° direction change angles. Following the warm-up, all athletes performed two maximal 20-m linear sprints, interspersed with 5 min rest intervals. Following the 20-m linear sprint test, the participants were provided with a 5 min rest interval before completing the COD tests. Additionally, the balance in isometric strength of the dominant and non-dominant hip Abd-Add muscles were evaluated. Two maximum attempts interspersed with one-minute rest intervals were performed.
Results: The t-test revealed statistically significant higher absolute and relative isometric strength of AddR (adductor right) in comparison to AddL (adductor left).
Conclusion: The results of this study show that the maximum isometric force and the relative strength of the abductor muscle group have a significant effect on changing direction running. Moreover, hip Abd and Add are typical for strength bilateral strength imbalances. Therefore, the evaluation and development of these qualities are essential for coaches to monitor and prescribe adequate training regimens.
Krolikowska P, Rodak P, Papla M, Grzyb W, Golas A. Analysis of the adductors and abductors' maximum isometric strength on the level of speed and agility in basketball players. Balt J Health Phys Act. 2023;15(1):Article3. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.15.1.03
Author ORCID Identifier
Paulina KRÓLIKOWSKA ORCID 0000-0001-6039-8717
Piotr RODAK ORCID 0000-0002-7895-3907
Monika PAPLA ORCID 0000-0002-7007-2523
Wojciech GRZYB ORCID 0000-0002-6115-4033
Artur GOŁAŚ ORCID 0000-0002-6656-6993
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